Executive Summary This study is on “Shiism” which has become a dangerous movement since the beginning of the Iranian military intervention in Syria, as it will have its repercussions. Through this movement, Iran has been trying to change the religious structure in Deir Ezzor, and this change is as dangerous as the demographic change, as it is an attempt to make an extreme change. The study talks about the beginnings of Shiism in Syria, and the new Shiism, especially since the beginning of the 1980s, the year that saw the first seeds of Shiism in Deir Ezzor society, that knows nothing about it before.
This study also explains how the tribes dealt with this movement, the relationship of the various actors in Deir Ezzor with Shiism, and the role of Shiism in Iran policies. At the end the study provide a set of suggestions and recommendations to deal with this sensitive file, that may create a tribal community crisis in case its sensitivity was not taken seriously. The study, in some of its parts, relied on field sources, as Deir Ezzor 24 network is active in all areas of Deir Ezzor, and has great access there, in terms of tracking and verifying the field information, in addition to interviewing people in Deir Ezzor and asking them questions related to the study: